Before the topic of the article commences, I would like to say that this is a humble attempt of mine regarding such a deep topic. The analysis and reasoning present in this article are by great scholars such as Imam Khomeini, Ayatullah Makarim Shirazi, Ayatullah Ja’far Subhani and several others. If there are any flaws present, please note it is due to my negligence and the respected ulema and the religion of Islam contains no such. At the bottom of the article, the sources will be listed and in-text references will be given.
I begin in the name of Allah, the beneficent the merciful.
“If Allah is all knowing and nothing is hidden from him, then why is it necessary for him to subject people to tests?”
Recently, I was reading an interesting article concerning God’s Divine justice (link here) by the late scholar Sayyid Mujtaba Musawi Lari. The article has been translated by Dr. Hamid Algar, a notable professor, and thus captured my interest as I was familiar with his translations. Among other issues, the article deals with the issue of why God must be just and raises quite a few interesting premises to provide evidence for this claim. This post however, concerns itself not with God’s justice, rather, with man’s own justice unto himself. There is one particular passage within the article that details the reason as to why God is just. This same passage can be inferred from to derive meaning pertinent to man’s own justice unto himself and is quoted below.
“…Justice is the basis of God’s acts, both in the ordering of the universe and in the establishing of laws. Just as human acts can be weighed according to the criteria of good and bad, the acts of the Creator are also subject to the same criteria. Since the logic of reason determines that justice is inherently praiseworthy and injustice inherently reprehensible, an object of worship whose characteristics include infinite intelligence and spirit, will never undertake an act that reason regards as impermissible.”