Before the topic of the article commences, I would like to say that this is a humble attempt of mine regarding such a deep topic. The analysis and reasoning present in this article are by great scholars such as Imam Khomeini, Ayatullah Makarim Shirazi, Ayatullah Ja’far Subhani and several others. If there are any flaws present, please note it is due to my negligence and the respected ulema and the religion of Islam contains no such. At the bottom of the article, the sources will be listed and in-text references will be given.
I begin in the name of Allah, the beneficent the merciful.
“If Allah is all knowing and nothing is hidden from him, then why is it necessary for him to subject people to tests?”